Coronary artery disease is the most common form of heart disease. It’s also the leading cause of death in American women and men. Madaiah Revana, MD, FACC, and the skilled team at Humble Cardiology Associates have years of experience in preventing and treating coronary artery disease with therapies ranging from simple lifestyle changes to advanced interventional procedures. At the first sign of chest pain or shortness of breath, call one of the offices in Humble and Houston, Texas, or schedule an appointment online.
Coronary artery disease develops when the arteries carrying blood to your heart become narrow or clogged. This condition is usually caused by atherosclerosis, which occurs when cholesterol and other fats attach to the artery wall.
Over time, the fats build-up, and plaque develops that hardens and narrows the artery. As plaque blocks blood flow, your heart muscles can’t get the oxygen and nutrients needed to keep functioning.
Coronary artery disease increases your risk of developing heart failure or an abnormal heartbeat. You’re also at risk for a heart attack if the artery becomes completely blocked or the plaque suddenly breaks open and causes a blood clot.
Coronary artery disease can build up in your arteries for years without causing symptoms. When symptoms appear, you experience:
If you’re already diagnosed with stable angina, your chest pain should last no longer than five minutes. However, if you have unstable angina, or you experience chest pain for the first time, seek immediate medical care because it could signal the start of a heart attack.
Your chance of developing coronary artery disease increases as you get older and if you have a family history of atherosclerosis. You’re also at risk if you have factors such as:
Most people can prevent coronary artery disease with lifestyle changes that eliminate their risk factors.
Your provider at Humble Cardiology Associates begins with a thorough exam and diagnostic testing performed in the office. For example, an echocardiogram, arterial doppler test, and stress tests are done on-site.
Lifestyle changes are included in your treatment plan because they’re essential for your long-term health. Your treatment may also include:
Several types of medication improve your health by lowering blood pressure and cholesterol, managing blood sugar, controlling atherosclerosis, and relieving chest pain.
Advanced coronary artery disease is treated with percutaneous coronary intervention, or angioplasty and stenting. Your provider restores blood flow using a balloon catheter to open the blockage, then implanting a mesh stent that holds the artery open.
If you develop chest pain or shortness of breath, call Humble Cardiology Associates or schedule an appointment online.